Pattern of Pediatric Tumors at Pediatric Department in South Egypt Cancer Institute: Thirteen Years Report

Amany Mohamed Ali, Heba Abdel-Razik Sayed, Douaa M

Background: Cancer, a common disease in adults, is rare in children and adolescents. Less than 1% of all malignancies occur in pediatric patients and only one case of cancer is encountered annually among 10,000 children aged 0 through 15 years. Methods: A thirteen year retrospective study of pediatric malignancies in South Egypt Cancer Institute (SECI), Assiut University Egypt, was carried out based on data from the Department of Biostatistics and Cancer Epidemiology at the institute. The objective of this study was to determine the pattern of patients pediatric malignancies admitted at the Pediatric Oncology Department during the study period (January 2001 to December 2013) and compare it with previous reports from Egypt and worldwide. Data was categorized according to frequency of pediatric malignancies in different age groups, sex and types of tumors using International Classification of Childhood Cancer (ICCC). All the children below the age of 15 years with confirmed diagnosis of cancer by means of laboratory methods, pathological or cytological examinations were included in this study. Results: 25347 patients were diagnosed as having malignancies in SECI out of which 2831 were pediatric cases. Overall frequency of pediatric tumor was 11.1% during the study period. The peak frequency of pediatric tumors (42.8%) occurred in children from 1st to 5th year of age. Males were affected more than females with ratio of 3:2. Hematological malignancies were the most common among our patients. The pattern of childhood tumors showed wide variation during the study.

 
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